1930s The AAP organizational efforts, growth of pediatrics fl ourished in 1930s by Alyson Sulaski Wyckoff , Associate Editor Copyright © 2020 American Academy of Pediatrics The 1930 White House Conference on Child Health and Protection produced the Children’s Charter, an outline of comprehensive ideals the framers stated apply to every child. The charter addresses a child’s fundamental needs for education, health, welfare and protection in language many consider inspirational even today. Editor’s note: Th is is the second of a series of articles on the AAP’s 90th anniversary published by AAP News, (February, 2020). Th e new AAP began to take shape throughout the 1930s, while the specialty of pediatrics made its own developmental strides. It was the start of the Great Depression. Th e number of U.S. pediatricians grew, as did pediatric training programs and stan- dards for pediatric health care. Th e founders of the Academy set to work soliciting new members, defi ning and disseminating standards for the profession, and implementing recommenda- tions from the 1930 White House Conference on Child Health and Protection. Aggressive recruitment In late June 1930, a group of AAP founders gathered on the campus of what now is DMC Harper University Hospital in Detroit, part of the Wayne State University School of Medicine, to fi nalize plans for the new organization. A historical marker on the campus pays tribute to the AAP founding. Th e men elected offi cers and an executive board (see sidebar), and draft ed bylaws and a constitution. Th ey also drew up a list of individuals regarded as founders and those designated as fellows who would be invited to join the organization. Letters were sent to 416 pediatricians, 75 selected as founders and 341 others invited for membership as fellows. “We hope that the organization will be able to do many things in pediatrics which to many of us seems necessary,” Cliff ord G. Grulee, M.D., FAAP, the fi rst secretary-treasurer and later executive secretary (http://bit.ly/2Qu2lVj), wrote to a colleague. “… we have large ideas as to what can be done …” Th e letters included a bill for the $50 initiation fee and $20 dues, the equivalent of $1,085 in today’s dollars. In October 1930, Dr. Grulee noted in a letter that the AAP had close to 230 paid memberships and 40 to 50 more who had signifi ed their intention of joining. Some also declined to join due to the hardship of paying dues. AAP charter offi cers Isaac A. Abt, M.D., FAAP, president John L. Morse, M.D., FAAP, vice president Cliff ord G. Grulee, M.D., FAAP, secretary and treasurer The executive board also included: C. Anderson Aldrich, M.D., FAAP Samuel McC. Hamill, M.D., FAAP William P. Lucas, M.D., FAAP and Lawrence T. Royster, M.D., FAAP. uni278C
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