245 A Abnormally shaped waveform, 9 Abnormally wide or narrow pulse pressure, 9–10 ABO incompatibility, 24, 25 Absence of breathing. See Apnea Acidosis, 24–25, 30t Air bubbles, tubing, 9 Air emboli, 29t Air leaks in mechanical ventilation, 85 in surfactant therapy, 109 Albuterol, 165t Alkalosis, 24–25, 30t Alveoli, 102 Anemia as complication of exchange transfusion, 31t direct transfusions for signs of, 36–37 in utero, 34 monitoring for, 149–150 partial exchange transfusions in management of, 34–35 Anencephaly, 194–195 Anoxia, 119 Anticonvulsant drugs, 171t Aortic regurgitation, 10 Aortic stenosis, 10 Aortopulmonary window, 10 Apnea continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for, 60 mechanical ventilation for, 77 monitoring for, 147–149 Aqueductal stenosis, 190 Arrhythmias, 30t Arterial blood gases, 169t in continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), 62–63 in mechanical ventilation, 84 Arterial catheter, 4, 27 Arteriovenous fistula, 10 Asphyxia, birth, 60, 119 Aspiration syndrome, 103 Attachment, parent-baby, 155–156, 172t Autonomy, respect for, 186 B Beneficence, 186–187 Beractant (Survanta), 104 Best-interest standard, 186 Biomedical ethics, 181–205 application to neonatology, 185, 192–195 application to obstetrics, 185–186, 189–192 beneficence in, 186–187 decision-making process for the care of neonates and, 198–201 decision support model, 202f futility and, 187–188 harm principle and, 188 justice in, 187 nonmaleficence in, 187 obligatory to treat and, 188 optional whether to treat and, 188 other terms in, 187–188 posttest, 205 pretest, 183–184 principles of, 186–187 respect for autonomy in, 186 self-test, 188, 203–205 unilateral decision making and, 195–196 withdrawal of life-sustaining measures and, 197–198 Birth asphyxia, 60, 119 Birth weight and reference blood pressure range, 6 Blood amount for exchange transfusion, 25 preparation for exchange transfusion, 25 preservation of, 24–25 types of donor, 24, 25 warming of, 25 Blood emboli, 29t, 37 Blood exchange transfusions. See Exchange transfusions Blood pressure measurement, 3–7. See also Transducer blood pressure monitors posttest, 12 pretest, 3 reference ranges, 6–7 2 general types of, 4 Blood pressure waveforms, 4 abnormal configurations, 8–9 abnormally wide or narrow pulse pressure, 9–10 interpreting, 8–10 normal configuration, 8 Blood types, donor, 24 Brief resolved unexplained event (BRUE), 154 Bronchopulmonary dysplasia, 161–162 BRUE. See Brief resolved unex- plained event (BRUE) C Caffeine citrate, 165t Calfactant (Infasurf), 104 Carbon dioxide, 169t Cardiopulmonary monitoring, 26 Cardiorespiratory arrest, 30t Car seat testing, 154 Catheter, clots in, 9, 30t Central arterial catheter, 27–28 Cesarean delivery, maternal refusal of, 189 CHD. See Congenital heart disease (CHD) Chest movement in mechanical ventilation, 81, 83 Chest radiography, 28, 107, 167t, 173t Chlorothiazide, 166t Choice talk, 199–200, 202f Cholestatic jaundice, 163 Chronic lung disease of prematurity (CLD), 161–162, 165–169t Citrate phosphate dextrose adenine (CPDA-1), 24 CLD. See Chronic lung disease of prematurity (CLD) Clots blood, 28 catheter, 9, 30t Coarctation of the aorta, 10 Commercial stabilizers, 92–94 Page numbers followed by f indicate a figure. Page numbers followed by t indicate a table. Page numbers followed by b indicate a box. Index 11-Index_BKIV_PCEP_245-250.indd 245 5/29/21 8:06 AM BOOK 4: INDEX
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