609 Glossary of Midwifery Organizations and Terms ^44 There is wide variability in the legal status and level of practice authority of midwives across the United States. The different titles for midwives can be confusing, as can the different credentialing standards for midwives and dif- ferent professional associations and grassroots organizations. Seven organizations are responsible for midwifery education, certification, accreditation, and professional association in the United States: Professional associations: American College of Nurse–Midwives, National Association of Certified Professional Midwives, and Midwives Alliance of North America Certification bodies: American Midwifery Certification Board and North American Registry of Midwives Educational accreditors: Accreditation Commission for Midwifery Education and Midwifery Education Accreditation Council There are three separate midwifery credentials in the United States: certi- fied nurse–midwives (CNM), certified midwives, and certified professional midwives. Each credential accepts different levels of education, training, and experience and the qualifications of midwives who use the certified profes- sional midwife designation can vary markedly. This glossary is provided for information and reference purposes to clarify these various requirements, qualifications, and standards. It is inclusive of the range of midwifery terms, including nurse–midwifery, and is representative of current activity across the country. Listings are alphabetical and include a website address where applicable. The year an organization was formed and when a term first came into use is also noted. Appendix E
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