American Academy of Pediatrics Publishing Staﬀ
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Published by the American Academy of Pediatrics
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The recommendations in this publication do not indicate an exclusive course of treatment or serve as a
standard of medical care. Variations, taking into account individual circumstances, may be appropriate.
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This publication has been developed by the American Academy of Pediatrics. The authors, editors,
and contributors are expert authorities in the ﬁeld of pediatrics. No commercial involvement of
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Every eﬀort is made to keep Challenging Cases in Pediatric Diagnosis consistent with the most
recent advice and information available from the American Academy of Pediatrics.
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© 2016 American Academy of Pediatrics. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be
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First edition published 2016.
Printed in the United States of America
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Library of Congress Control Number: 2015956184