INDEX 1196 Adverse events, 123 complementary and integrative medicine (CIM), 103 defined, 130–131 medication errors and, 82 vaccine information and, 257–258 Advocacy becoming effective at child, 53 child, 51–55 child safety, 317 community projects and, 53 getting connected in, 54 global health, 47–48 health systems science applied to, 66 legislative, 53–54 levels of, 52–53 media, 54 patient safety, 317 resources on, 54 Advocacy-inquiry, 117–118 Affirmed females, 382 Affirmed gender, 382 Affirmed males, 382 Affordable Care Act. See Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act Afterload, 528 Agency, 319 Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), 114 Agender persons, 382 Age of anxiety, 356 Aggressive-resistant behavior, 340 AKI. See Acute kidney injury (AKI) ALARA principle, 110–111 Alexander technique, 99 Allergic disease case study, 687, 696 clinical presentation of, 687 contact dermatitis, 1032–1033, 1038, 1054 differential diagnosis of, 689–690 to eggs, 256 epidemiology of, 687 evaluation of, 690–692 health maintenance visits and, 261 management of, 692–695 pathophysiology of, 687–689 prevention of, 695–696 prognosis of, 696 Allergic rhinitis, 687–688, 690–691 All-hazards approach, 599 Alliance for Academic Internal Medicine, 67 Ally (LGBTQ+), 382 Alopecia areata, 1023, 1024, 1026, 1029 ALTE. See Apparent life-threatening event (ALTE) Amastia, 428 Amblyopia, 662 Amenorrhea, 420 American Academy of Family Physicians, 254 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) age-specific guidelines for digital media use, 35 Bright Futures program, 308 Building Your Medical Home toolkit, 310 child advocacy, 52, 54 health maintenance in older children and adolescents, 259 hypertension, 783–784 injury prevention, 315, 316–317 literacy promotion, 231, 232–233 male circumcision, 173 medical home model, 4 neonatal nursery visit, 148 official website for parents and, 37 otitis media (OM), 630 patient- and family-centered care, 76, 121 perinatal mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs), 158 population health mindset, 64 preparation for emergency care, 114 role of primary care pediatrician, 4 Safe to Sleep campaign, 513, 515–516, 615 school readiness, 246, 247–248 TIPP—The Injury Prevention Program, 315 toilet training, 331 vaccination schedule, 254 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, 254 American College of Physicians, 67 American Heart Association (AHA), 182–183 American Medical Association (AMA), 51 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, 82 Anagen effluvium, 1027 Analytics, 77 Anaphylactoid purpura, 820 Anaphylaxis, 688, 691 Anaplasmosis, 491 Ancillary clinical systems, 28–29 Anemia, 588 case study, 723, 732 chronic kidney disease (CKD) and, 1149, 1151, 1156 clinical presentation of, 723–725 defined, 723 differential diagnosis of, 725–729 epidemiology of, 723 evaluation of, 729–731 macrocytic, 728 management of, 731 microcytic, 727–728 normocytic, 728–729 pathophysiology of, 725 prognosis of, 731 when to refer for, 731–732 Anesthesia, 106 Angioedema, 691 Angular cheilitis, 622 Ankyloglossia, 622 Anodontia, 203 Anorexia nervosa (AN), 91–92, 447 epidemiology of, 447–448 evaluation of, 450–453 management of, 453–454 pathophysiology of, 448–449 prognosis of, 454 Antalgic gait, 881 Anterior open bite, 204 Antibiotics for acne, 1020 Anticipatory guidance on preterm infants, 302 on substance use/abuse, 444 toxic ingestions, 597 Anticipatory nausea, 91 Anticonvulsant medications, 90–91 Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody vasculitis, 1188 Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS), 1184–1185 Antipsychotics, atypical, 1009–1011 Anti-reflux procedures, 909 Anus, newborn, 151 Anxiety. See also Fears Phobias age of, 356 in children in foster care, 281 defined, 355 enuresis and, 367 evaluation of, 357–358 management of, 358–359 pathophysiology of, 356–357 prognosis of, 359 separation, 356, 359 sleep and, 193 temper tantrums and, 347 tics in, 973 Aortic dissection, 777–778 Aphthous ulcers, 621 Apophysitis, 876 Apparent life-threatening event (ALTE), 513 Appendicitis. See Acute abdomen (appendicitis) Applied behavior analysis, 994 APS. See Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) ARPANET. See Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) Arthritis juvenile idiopathic. See Juvenile idiopathic arthritis and benign joint pains psoriatic, 1175–1176 septic, 883 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and, 1183 ASD. See Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) Asexual persons, 382 Aspiration, foreign body, 508, 715 Assistive technology, 34 Asthma and wheezing biologics for, 708 case study, 699, 710 clinical presentation of, 700 defined, 699 differential diagnosis of, 701 dynamic monitoring and treatment of, 708 epidemiology of, 700 evaluation of, 701–703 long-term management of, 706–708 management of, 703–710 pathophysiology of, 700–701 pharmacologic therapy for, 708 prognosis of, 710 short-term management of, 704–706 Asthma Predictive Index, modified (mAPI), 699 Asymmetric tonic neck reflex, 212 Athletes, preparticipation physical evaluation for, 263–269 BPPCA6e_Index_1195-1224.indd 1196 2/13/20 7:28 PM
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