Index A Abandonment, fear of, 325 Abbreviations, informatics, 28 Abdomen acute. See Acute abdomen (appendicitis) distention of, 927, 933 newborn, 150 pain in. See Abdominal pain Abdominal mass, 1138, 1140, 1141 Abdominal pain acute abdomen (appendicitis), 549–553 acute and chronic, 935–937 asthma, 700 case study, 933, 938 clinical presentation of, 934 differential diagnosis of, 934–935 epidemiology of, 933 evaluation of, 937 management of, 937–938 pathophysiology of, 933–934 prognosis of, 938 Abdominal trauma case study, 543, 546 clinical presentation of, 543 differential diagnosis of, 544 epidemiology of, 543 evaluation of, 544–545 management of, 545–546 pathophysiology of, 544 prognosis of, 546 Abnormal uterine bleeding, 420 case study, 417, 425 management of, 424 Abscess brain, 966–967 scalp, 1025 Absence seizures, 981–982 Abuse child trafficking, 1077–1083 intimate partner violence (IPV), 1129–1133 physical, 1085–1089 school-related violence and bullying, 1123–1126 sexual, 1091–1096 ACEs. See Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) Acetaminophen, 87–88 Achalasia, 901 ACHES assessment, 392 Acne case study, 1015, 1022 clinical presentation of, 1016–1017 defined, 1015 epidemiology of, 1015 etiology of, 1015–1016 evaluation of, 1017–1018 management of, 1018–1021 pathophysiology of, 1016 prognosis of, 1021–1022 Acquired strabismus, 662–663 Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, 622 Active error, 131 Active immunization, 254 Active interventions for injury prevention, 314–315 Acupuncture, 100 Acute abdomen (appendicitis) case study, 549, 553 clinical presentation of, 549–550 defined, 549 differential diagnosis of, 550 epidemiology of, 549 evaluation of, 550–551 management of, 551–553 observation of, 551 pathophysiology of, 549 prognosis of, 553 Acute abdominal pain, 935–937 Acute diarrhea, 921 Acute headaches, 966 Acute illness, telephone management for, 21 Acute kidney injury (AKI) case study, 583, 589 clinical presentation of, 584 defined, 583 differential diagnosis of, 586 epidemiology of, 584 etiology and pathophysiology of, 584–586 evaluation of, 586–587 management of, 587–588 prognosis of, 588 Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), 1137–1138 Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, 622 Acute onset of bleeding, 736 Acute otitis media (AOM), 627–633 Acute pyelonephritis, 839 Addiction, 437. See also Substance use/abuse Adduction, 855. See also Rotational problems of lower extremity Adenovirus, 646 ADHD. See Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Adhesive path monitoring devices, 759 Adolescent depression and suicide case study, 465, 471 clinical presentation of, 467 differential diagnosis of, 467–468 epidemiology of, 466–467 evaluation of, 468–469 management of, 469–471 pathophysiology of, 467 prevalence of, 465 prognosis of, 471 resources on, 471–472 Adolescent hallux valgus, 858 Adolescents. See also Children abdominal pain in, 937 adolescent hallux valgus in, 858 body modification by, 457–463 breast disorders in, 430–431 case study on health maintenance in, 259, 269 case study on talking with, 17, 20 concluding the interview with, 20 confidentiality and competence with, 18 depression and suicide in, 465–472 diet of, 182–183 Down syndrome (trisomy 21) in, 294–297 eating disorders in, 447–455 fear in, 356 in foster care, 281, 283 health maintenance in, 259–270 identification of giftedness in, 236 immunizations in, 256, 261–262 on the internet, 36 issues that demand immediate attention in, 19–20 jaundice in, 944 menstrual disorders in, 417–426 preterm birth and, 305 psychosocial review of systems in, 19 reproductive health in, 389–397 seizures in, 981 sexual activity among, 390 sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in, 389, 396, 405–415 sexual orientation and gender expression by, 381–388 sleep-wake patterns in, 195 sports-related acute injuries in, 875–880 stages of, 17–18 substance use/abuse among, 437–446 vomiting in, 902 Adoptees, international case study, 271, 277 clinical presentation in, 272–274 epidemiology of, 271–272 evaluation of, 274–275 immunizations in, 256 infectious diseases in, 485 management of health issues in, 275–276 prognosis of, 276–277 role of pediatrician with, 277 Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET), 33 Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) case study, 1069, 1074 clinical presentation of, 1071 common reported, 1071 defined, 1069 detrimental effects of, 1069–1070 differential diagnosis of, 1071–1072 epidemiology of, 1070–1071 evaluation of, 1072–1073 management of, 1073 pair of ACEs tree, 1070 pathophysiology of, 1071 prevention of, 1073 prognosis of, 1073–1074 1195 BPPCA6e_Index_1195-1224.indd 1195 2/13/20 7:28 PM
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