Adolesc Med 030 (2019) 196–205 Answers to Questions Contraceptive Use by US Adolescents: Where Are We Now? Page 1 1. Answer: B. According to data from the CDC, there was no statistically sig- nificant change in condom or IUD use reported by 15- to 19-year-olds since 2006. 2. Answer: A. The two most important national surveys providing informa- tion on teen sexual behavior and contraceptive use are the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System and National Survey of Family Growth. The YRBSS is conducted every two years and provides nationally representa- tive data on students in grades 9-12. The National Survey of Family Growth is a nationally representative sample of reproductive age persons. In 2015, the age range of participants in the NSFG was changed to encompass those ages 15-49 years. In 2006, the NSFG methodology changed from periodic data collection to continuous collection. 3. Answer: C. It is important for adolescents to be aware of the range of con- traceptive options and their attributes, including effectiveness. For some adolescents, potential side effects of a method may outweigh potential benefits, including risk of method failure. Identifying the attributes of a method most important to the individual adolescent can help tailor con- traceptive counseling. Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention: Application of CDC Evidence-Based Contraception Guidance Page 10 1. Answer: B. According to the US MEC’s numeric scheme, a contraceptive method classified as a category 2 for a specific medical condition indicates that the advantages of using the contraceptive method generally outweigh the theoretical or proven risks. 2. Answer: C. The adolescent can have the implant placed today. She does not need a pregnancy test since she has no signs or symptoms of pregnancy and meets at least one criterion from US Selected Practice Recommenda- AMSTARs_Spring-2019_15_196-205-Ans.indd 196 1/22/19 2:31 PM
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