INDEX
Page numbers in italics denote a figure, table,
or box.
A
Abdominal migraine, 329
Abdominal organ injuries
at birth, 38–39
differential diagnosis, 39
evaluation, 39
long-term considerations, 39
management, 39
signs and symptoms, 38
Abnormal energy metabolism, 216
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC), 97, 98, 99,
100–103, 105
Acetaminophen
for febrile seizures, 315
for migraines, 329, 333, 335
for patent ductus arteriosus, 146–147
Acetazolamide
for hydrocephalus, 351
for idiopathic intracranial hypertension,
377–378
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors,
408–409
Acid maltase deficiency, 411
Acquired postinfectious hydrocephalus, 344
Acute ataxia, 262–264
Acute cerebellar ataxia, 262
Acute cognitive impairment, 251, 251–252. See
also Altered levels of consciousness
Acute demyelinating encephalomyelitis,
262–263
Acute inflammatory polyradiculopathy, 400
Acute necrotizing encephalitis, 251
Acute subdural hematoma, 302–303
evaluation, 303, 304–305
long-term outcomes, 306
management, 306
overview, 302–303
Acute transverse myelitis, 400
Acute unilateral vestibular failure, 290,
291–292
Acyclovir therapy for HSV infection, 74–76
Adjustment disorder with depressed mood,
449
Adrenal gland injuries, 38–39
Agenesis, intraventricular foramen, 343
Aggressive behaviors, 436–437
evaluation, 438–439
management, 440–444, 444
Agoraphobia, 461
Alcohol, 164, 170. See also Substance use
disorder
clinical effects in newborns exposed to,
166
fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, 234–23
pregnancy, use during, 234, 235
Alloimmune hemolysis, 17
Almotriptan, 333, 335
Alpha
2
-agonists, 432
Altered levels of consciousness
ability to protect airway, 254
arousability, 254
cardiorespiratory measures, 257–258
causes of, 251
cerebral perfusion for, 257
clinical features, 251–252
differential diagnosis, 251, 251–252
electroencephalography for, 257
evaluation, 253–257
examination, 254–255
history, 254
initial intracranial pressure control
measures, 257
intubation for, 257
laboratory testing, 256
long-term considerations/monitoring,
258–259
lumbar puncture for, 256–257
management, 257–258
mechanical ventilation for, 257
metabolic state and, 258
motor examination, 254
neuro-ophthalmologic examination,
254–255
overview, 249–250
respiratory pattern in, 253, 254
scanning and imaging, 256
signs and symptoms, 251–252
specific remedies for, 258
stabilization and supportive measures,
257–258
Aminoacidurias, 266–267
Aminopyridines, 293
Amitriptyline, 337, 338
Ammonia level, intermittent ataxia and, 26
Ammonul. See Sodium phenylacetate
(Ammonul)
Ampicillin, for neonatal sepsis, 119, 126
ANC. See Absolute neutrophil count (ANC
Anemia
and apnea of prematurity, 28
approach to, 20
causes of, 15, 18
evaluation, 18–19, 20
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