x PEDIATRIC ICD-10-CM 2017: A MANUAL FOR PROVIDER-BASED CODING
ICD-10-CM Official Guidelines for Coding and Reporting
FY 2017
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) and the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), two departments within the
U.S. Federal Government’s Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) provide the following guidelines for coding and reporting
using the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM). These guidelines should be used
as a companion document to the official version of the ICD-10-CM as published on the NCHS website. The ICD-10-CM is a morbidity
classification published by the United States for classifying diagnoses and reason for visits in all health care settings. The ICD-10-CM is
based on the ICD-10, the statistical classification of disease published by the World Health Organization (WHO).
These guidelines have been approved by the four organizations that make up the Cooperating Parties for the ICD-10-CM: the
American Hospital Association (AHA), the American Health Information Management Association (AHIMA), CMS, and NCHS.
These guidelines are a set of rules that have been developed to accompany and complement the official conventions and
instructions provided within the ICD-10-CM itself. The instructions and conventions of the classification take precedence over guidelines.
These guidelines are based on the coding and sequencing instructions in the Tabular List and Alphabetic Index of ICD-10-CM, but provide
additional instruction. Adherence to these guidelines when assigning ICD-10-CM diagnosis codes is required under the Health Insurance
Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). The diagnosis codes (Tabular List and Alphabetic Index) have been adopted under HIPAA
for all healthcare settings. A joint effort between the healthcare provider and the coder is essential to achieve complete and accurate
documentation, code assignment, and reporting of diagnoses and procedures. These guidelines have been developed to assist both
the healthcare provider and the coder in identifying those diagnoses that are to be reported. The importance of consistent, complete
documentation in the medical record cannot be overemphasized. Without such documentation accurate coding cannot be achieved.
The entire record should be reviewed to determine the specific reason for the encounter and the conditions treated.
The term encounter is used for all settings, including hospital admissions. In the context of these guidelines, the term provider is
used throughout the guidelines to mean physician or any qualified health care practitioner who is legally accountable for establishing
the patient’s diagnosis. Only this set of guidelines, approved by the Cooperating Parties, is official.
The guidelines are organized into sections. Section I includes the structure and conventions of the classification and general
guidelines that apply to the entire classification, and chapter-specific guidelines that correspond to the chapters as they are arranged
in the classification. Section II includes guidelines for selection of principal diagnosis for non-outpatient settings. Section III includes
guidelines for reporting additional diagnoses in non-outpatient settings. Section IV is for outpatient coding and reporting. It is necessary
to review all sections of the guidelines to fully understand all of the rules and instructions needed to code properly.
section I. Conventions, general coding guidelines and chapter specific guidelines ...................................................................... XII
A. Conventions for the ICD-10-CM ....................................................................................................................................................... XII
1. The Alphabetic Index and Tabular List ...................................................................................................................................... XII
2. Format and Structure ............................................................................................................................................................... XII
3. Use of codes for reporting purposes ......................................................................................................................................... XII
4. Placeholder character .............................................................................................................................................................. XII
5. 7th Characters ......................................................................................................................................................................... XII
6. Abbreviations ........................................................................................................................................................................... XII
a. Alphabetic Index abbreviations ........................................................................................................................................... XII
b. Tabular List abbreviations .................................................................................................................................................. XII
7. Punctuation ............................................................................................................................................................................. XII
8. Use of “and” ........................................................................................................................................................................... XIII
9. Other and Unspecified codes ................................................................................................................................................... XIII
a. “Other” codes ................................................................................................................................................................... XIII
b. “Unspecified” codes .......................................................................................................................................................... XIII
10. Includes Notes ........................................................................................................................................................................ XIII
11. Inclusion terms ....................................................................................................................................................................... XIII
12. Excludes Notes ....................................................................................................................................................................... XIII
a. Excludes1 ......................................................................................................................................................................... XIII
b. Excludes2 ......................................................................................................................................................................... XIII
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