381
A
AAP. See American Academy of
Pediatrics (AAP)
ABCS. See Airway, Breathing,
Circulation, Stabilize
(ABCS)
Abdomen
distension, 74, 224
mass, 57
radiographs, 346, 347
sunken, 62
ABG. See Arterial blood gas (ABG)
Abscess, scalp, 300
Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine,
237, 239
Acidosis, 366
hyperbilirubinemia and, 260
low blood pressure and, 176, 177
pneumothorax and, 76
respiratory distress and, 58, 64
Activity, observation of, 339
Acute life-threatening infection of
the blood, 289
Acyclovir, 299, 307
Administration, oxygen, 10–12, 25–26
AGA. See Appropriate for gestational
age (AGA) babies, feeding
Age, gestational, 330, 332, 333, 361
Air, 10–11, 29–31
heat and humidity and, 11, 32–35
Air bubbles in umbilical catheters,
127
Air embolus and umbilical catheters,
129
Airway, Breathing, Circulation,
Stabilize (ABCS), 332–333
American Academy of Pediatrics
(AAP), 221, 231, 254,
258, 270
Amniotic fluid, 60
Ampicillin, 298, 365
Anemia and respiratory distress, 58
Antibiotics, 298–303, 317
caring for babies whose mothers
received, 314–315
Apnea, 58, 66–71
anticipating and detecting, 68
defined, 67
of prematurity, 67, 69
recurrent and/or severe, 70
self-tests, 68, 71
what to do when babies have
spells of, 69
what to think of when babies
have spells of, 69–70
when to discontinue monitoring
of, 70
which babies are at risk for,
67–68
Appropriate for gestational age
(AGA) babies, feeding,
225–227
Arterial blood gas (ABG), 6–7, 14,
363, 364, 366
compared to oxyhemoglobin
saturation (Spo2), 7–8
normal ranges, 15
pneumothorax and, 74–75
respiratory distress and, 62
sampling, peripheral, 38–48
tests and results, 340–341
Arterial spasm, 39
Arteries, umbilical, 124, 160
intravenous therapy and, 195
low blood pressure and, 170
Ascites, 57
Asphyxia, 5, 365
Aspiration syndrome, 58
pneumothorax and, 74
At-risk babies. See Sick and at-risk
babies
B
Bacitracin, 300
Bacterial pneumonia, 58
Bathing sick and at-risk babies, 333
Bicarbonate, 64, 297
Bilirubin, 257. See also
Hyperbilirubinemia
defined, 257
excretion in the stool, 257
measurement and detection,
257–258
removal from body, 257
toxicity, 257, 259
Blends, oxygen and air, 10–11
Blood calcium, 365
Blood cultures, 363, 365
Blood flow
respiratory distress and, 60
umbilical catheters and, 129
Blood glucose
infections and, 297
intravenous therapy and, 197
screening, 63, 69, 332, 333, 343,
365
Blood loss, 169, 170
low blood pressure and, 170,
175, 176, 177–178
respiratory distress and, 60, 62
shock and, 175
umbilical catheters and, 129
Blood oxygen level, low, 61
Blood platelets, 345
Blood pressure
for babies of different gestational
ages, 173, 174
defined, 169
during first day of birth, 172
during first 5 days after birth,
173
low. See Blood pressure, low
normal. See Blood pressure,
normal
self-tests, 171. See also Blood
pressure, low
Blood pressure, low, 165–189, 364
blood loss and shock with, 175
causes of, 176
checking for, 169, 183–189
normal newborn blood pressure
versus, 171–173, 174
normal newborn blood volume
and, 175
pneumothorax and, 74
posttest, 181
pretest, 167–168
recommended routines, 179
respiratory distress and, 64, 69
self-tests, 171, 175–176, 178,
180
what happens to babies with,
176–177
which babies should be checked
for, 169–170
without blood loss, 178
Blood pressure, normal, 171–173,
174, 336
normal newborn blood volume
and, 175
Blood volume, normal newborn,
175
Body temperature, 70, 336
Body weight, 199–200, 203
growth charts and, 228–230
Brachial artery, 42
Brain damage
hyperbilirubinemia and, 259
oxygen therapy and, 14
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