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Unit 2: Respiratory Distress
Part 1: Respiratory Distress................................................................................................. 50
Objectives ............................................................................................................................. 50
1. What Are the Signs of Neonatal Respiratory Distress? ............................................ 51
2. When Is it Normal and When Is it Abnormal for a Baby to
Show Signs of Respiratory Distress? ......................................................................... 52
3. What Are the Causes of Neonatal Respiratory Distress? .......................................... 53
4. Which Babies Are Prone to Developing Respiratory Distress? ................................. 55
5. What Should Be Done to Evaluate a Baby Who Shows Signs
of Respiratory Distress? ............................................................................................... 56
6. What General Support Measures Are Indicated for Any Baby
With Respiratory Distress? .......................................................................................... 58
Part 2: Apnea ........................................................................................................................ 62
Objectives ............................................................................................................................. 62
1. What Is Apnea? ............................................................................................................. 63
2. Which Babies Are At Risk for Apnea? ......................................................................... 63
3. How Should Apnea Be Anticipated and Detected? ................................................... 64
4. What Should You Do When a Baby Has an Apneic Spell? ......................................... 65
5. What Should You Think of When a Baby Has an Apneic Spell? ................................ 65
6. What Should Be Done if the Apnea Is Recurrent and/or Severe?............................ 66
7. When Can Apnea Monitoring Be Discontinued? ....................................................... 66
Part 3: Pneumothorax.......................................................................................................... 68
Objectives ............................................................................................................................. 68
1. What Is a Pneumothorax? ........................................................................................... 69
2. When Do Pneumothoraces Occur? ............................................................................. 69
3. Which Babies Are At Risk for a Pneumothorax? ........................................................ 69
4. What Are the Signs of a Pneumothorax? ................................................................... 70
5. What Should You Do When You Suspect a Baby Has
Developed a Pneumothorax? ...................................................................................... 71
6. How Is a Pneumothorax Detected? ............................................................................ 71
7. What Are the Consequences of a Pneumothorax? .................................................... 72
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