375
A
AAP. See American Academy of
Pediatrics (AAP)
ABC’s. See Airway, Breathing, and
Circulation (ABC’s)
Abdomen
distension, 70, 219
mass, 53
sunken, 57
x-rays, 340, 341
ABG. See Arterial blood gases (ABG)
Abruptio placentae, 173
Abscess, scalp, 296
Academy for Breastfeeding Medicine,
220
Acidosis, 360
hyperbilirubinemia and, 257
low blood pressure and, 174, 175
pneumothorax and, 72
respiratory distress and, 54, 59
Acrocyanosis, 10
Activity, observation of, 334
Acute life-threatening infection of
the blood, 285
Acyclovir, 294, 303
Administration, oxygen, 10–13, 23–24
AGA. See Appropriate-for-
gestational-age babies
(AGA), feeding
Age, gestational, 326, 328, 329, 356
Air, 10–11, 27–29
heat and humidity and, 11, 30–32
Air bubbles in umbilical catheters, 127
Air embolus and umbilical catheters,
129
Airway, Breathing, and Circulation
(ABC’s), 328
American Academy of Pediatrics
(AAP), 220, 255, 265
American Dietetic Association, 220
Amniotic fluid, 56
Ampicillin, 294
Anemia and respiratory distress, 54
Antibiotics, 294–299, 313
caring for babies whose mothers
received, 310–311
Apnea, 54, 62, 63
anticipating and detecting, 64
of prematurity, 63, 65
recurrent and/or severe, 66
self-tests, 64, 67
what to do when babies have
spells of, 65
what to think of when babies
have spells of, 65–66
when to discontinue monitoring
of, 66
which babies are at risk for, 63–64
Appropriate-for-gestational-age babies
(AGA), feeding, 221–223
Arterial blood gases (ABG), 5–7, 14,
358, 359, 360
compared to oxyhemoglobin
saturation, 7
normal ranges, 15–16
pneumothorax and, 70
respiratory distress and, 58
sampling, peripheral, 34–44
tests and results, 335–336
Arterial spasm, 35
Arteries, umbilical, 124, 160
intravenous therapy and, 193
low blood pressure and, 168
Ascites, 53
Asphyxia, 5, 359
Aspiration syndrome, 54
pneumothorax and, 70
At-risk babies. See Sick and at-risk
babies
B
Bacitracin, 296
Bacterial pneumonia, 54
Bathing sick and at-risk babies, 329
Bicarbonate, 59, 293
Bilirubin, 255. See also
Hyperbilirubinemia
excretion in the stool, 255
toxicity, 255, 257
Blends, oxygen and air, 10
Blood calcium, 359
Blood cultures, 358, 359
Blood flow
respiratory distress and, 54
umbilical catheters and, 129
Blood glucose
infections and, 293
intravenous therapy and, 195
screening, 58, 65, 328, 329, 337,
359
Blood loss, 167, 168
low blood pressure and, 168,
173, 174, 175–176
respiratory distress and, 57
shock and, 173
umbilical catheters and, 129
Blood oxygen level, low, 57
Blood platelets, 339
Blood pressure, low, 164, 167, 359
blood loss and shock with, 173
causes of, 174
checking for, 167, 181–187
normal newborn blood pressure
versus, 169–171, 172
normal newborn blood volume
and, 173
pneumothorax and, 70
posttest, 179
pretest, 165–166
recommended routines, 177
respiratory distress and, 60, 65
self-tests, 169, 173–174, 176, 178
what happens to babies with,
174–175
which babies should be checked
for, 167–168
without blood loss, 176
Blood pressure, normal, 169–171,
172, 332
normal newborn blood volume
and, 173
Blood volume, normal newborn, 173
Body temperature, 66, 331
Body weight, 197, 201
growth charts and, 225–228
tracking, 229
Brachial artery, 38
Brain damage
hyperbilirubinemia and, 257
oxygen therapy and, 14
Breastfeeding, 220–221, 230, 233
jaundice and, 260
Breathing
periodic, 63
rapid, 219
rate observations, 332–333
Breath sounds
pneumothorax and, 70
respiratory distress and, 57
C
Caffeine, 66
Calcium, blood, 359
Capillary blood gas measurements,
15
Capillary refill time, 167
Cardiac output and low blood pres-
sure, 174
Cardiorespiratory monitors, 65
Index
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