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Unit 1: Oxygen
Objectives................................................................................................................................ 2
1.. How.Much.Oxygen.Does.a.Baby.Need?........................................................................ 5
2.. How.Is.the.Amount.of.Oxygen.Measured?................................................................... 5
3.. How.Does.Oxyhemoglobin.Saturation.(Spo2,).Compare.to.Arterial
. Blood.Oxygen.(Pao2)?...................................................................................................... 7
4.. What.Is.the.Best.Way.to.Monitor.a.Baby’s.Oxygenation?........................................... 7
5.. When.Does.a.Baby.Need.Supplemental.Oxygen?....................................................... 8
6.. How.Much.Oxygen.Do.You.Administer.to.a.Baby?....................................................... 9
7.. When.Does.a.Baby.Not.Need.Supplemental.Oxygen?...............................................10
8.. How.Should.Oxygen.Be.Given?....................................................................................10
9.. How.Can.You.Use.a.Pulse.Oximeter.to.Adjust.Inspired.Oxygen?............................. 14
10.. When.Do.You.Obtain.an.Arterial.Blood.Gas.Measurement?...................................... 14
11.. What.Are.the.Problems.Related.to.Oxygen.Therapy?................................................ 14
12.. What.Are.Normal.Arterial.Blood.Gas.Values.and.How.Are.
. Capillary.and.Venous.Blood.Gas.Values.Used?........................................................... 15
Tables.and.Figures
Table 1.1. Approximate Relationship of Spo2 and Pao2 .................................................. 7
Figure 1.1. Equipment Needed for Administering Oxygen ............................................... 6
Figure 1.2. Relationship of Pao2 and Spo2 ....................................................................... 8
Figure 1.3. Pre-ductal Oxygenation Saturation Changes Following Birth
(Median and Interquartile Range) .................................................................. 9
Figure 1.4. Components Required for Administering and Measuring Oxygen .................11
Recommended.Routines.................................................................................................... 19
Skill Units
Administering Oxygen ...................................................................................................... 23
. Measuring Oxygen Concentration .............................................................................. 25
. Blending Oxygen and Compressed Air ...................................................................... 27
. Heating and Humidifying an Oxygen/Air Mixture ..................................................... 30
Monitoring Oxygen ........................................................................................................... 33
Peripheral Arterial Blood Gas Sampling..................................................................... 34
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