491 )C‘s‘ eqnl sgd @ldqhb‘m Bnkkdfd ne Narsdsqhbh‘mr ‘mc Fxmdbnknfhrsr& Lhcvhedqx Vnqj Fqnto- vvv-‘bnf-nqf.@ants^@BNF.@BNF^Cdo‘qsldmsr.Rs‘sd^Kdfhrk‘shud^@bshuhshdr.Lhcvhedqx^ Legislation. Appendix E Glossary of Midwifery Organizations and Terms* There is wide variability in the legal status and level of practice authority of midwives across the United States. The different titles for midwives––certified nurse–midwives (CNMs), certified midwives, direct-entry midwives, licensed midwives, licensed direct-entry midwives, and certified professional midwives— can be confusing, as can the different credentialing standards for midwives and different professional associations and grassroots organizations. This glossary is provided for information and reference purposes to clarify these various require- ments, qualifications and standards. It is inclusive of the range of midwifery terms, including nurse–midwifery, and is representative of current activity across the country. Listings are alphabetical and include a web site address where appli- cable. The year an organization was formed and when a term first came into use is also noted. American Association of Birth Centers: A nonprofit, multidisciplinary mem- bership organization founded by Childbirth Connection (formerly Maternity Center Association) over 25 years ago. It was formerly known as the National Association of Childbearing Centers. The American Association of Birth Centers establishes national standards and accreditation for birth centers and advocates federally and in the states for birth center reimbursement and other concerns. www.birthcenters.org American College of Nurse–Midwives (ACNM): Professional organization for CNMs and certified midwives established in 1955. The American College of Nurse–Midwives sets standards for academic preparation and clinical practice. www.midwife.org
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